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God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

- Romans 5:8


    Clemens Hirtzel was born 20 Feb. 1659 and lived in the town of Reihen, which is near Sinsheim in modern Baden-Wuerttemburg, Germany. (1)
    On Nov. 23, 1680, Clemens married Anna Sinter, daughter of Hans Sinter.
    Hans Henich, baptized Sept. 25, 1681.
    Hans Georg, baptized May 30, 1686.
    Maria Esther, baptized May 9, 1688. Married Hans Leonhard Doerr.
    Christopher, born about 1692.
    Hans Jonas, born July 1, 1694. Died 1714.
    Anna Christina, baptized Feb. 3, 1697. Died 1714.
    Joh. Jacob, baptized Dec. 27, 1699. Died 1708.    
    Maria Margreta, baptized Sept. 24, 1702. Married Johannes Leipp.
    Hans Ulrich, baptized Aug. 21, 1705.
    The Hirtzels’ children were baptized in the Reformed church in Reihen.
    Clemens died March 25, 1707.
    (1) All information in this item comes from “Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America, Vol. 1: The Northern Kraichgau,” by Annette Kunselman Burgett, page 160.  The information is attributed to the Reihen Reformed Churchbooks.

    Ulrich Hertzel was born Aug. 20, 1705, to Clemens and Anna Hirtzel in the town of Reihen, which is near Sinsheim in modern Baden-Wuertemburg, Germany. (1)
    Married a woman named Anna Margaret. (2)
    Children: (3)
    Johann George, baptized May 20, 1733.
    Johann Marx or Mark, born 1746.
    Anna Margaret.
    Barbara. Married Adam Smith.
    Another son who died before Ulrich, who died in 1771.
    Ulrich arrived in Philadelphia on Sept. 18, 1727 aboard the William and Sarah, which sailed from Rotterdam, Netherlands.  The Philadelphia immigration list indicates that he was heading to “Skipach” and had two people in his party. (4)
    He was one of the earliest settlers in the Goshenhoppen Valley in what is now Montgomery County, Pa., arriving there in 1733. (5)  On Feb. 20, 1734, he received a warrant for 200 acres in Philadelphia County. (6)
    Ulrich worshipped at the Old Goshenhoppen Reformed Church, which served German immigrants in the area.  He is listed as a worshipper, appears in baptismal records, had his children confirmed there, paid out 13 shillings, 6 pence “on account of the building expenses of the parsonage” and his death is recorded there.
    On July 3, 1761, Ulrich received a patent from Thomas and Richard Penn for 150.5 acres in Upper Salford Township in what was then Philadelphia County, Pa. (7)  In 1769, he was taxed for 150 acres in Upper Salford Township and two horses and three cows. (8)
    Ulrich was buried on Feb. 12, 1771. Ulrich’s son Mark was buried the same day and is said to have been buried in the same grave at Dietz graveyard as his father. (9)
    (1) The date comes from death records in “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (1727-1819),” by the Rev. William John Hinke, page 419. His parents are mentioned in “Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America, Vol. 1: The Northern Kraichgau,” by Annette Kunselman Burgett, page 160.  The information is attributed to the Reihen Reformed Churchbooks.  (2) Will listed in “Collections of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, Vol. VI,” page 1726, taken from Philadelphia County Will Book P, page 71. (3) The children are listed in Montgomery County Deed Book 6, page 450, which cites Ulrich’s will, dated Jan. 24, 1771.  However, only George, Jacob and Anna Margaret are mentioned in the will.  George’s baptism is recorded in the Goshenhoppen Reformed Church records, page 279.  Mark’s year of birth is noted in his burial record in the same church records, page 419.  The unidentified son would be the sixth among “Ulrich Herzel’s six sons” confirmed by the Rev. George Michael Weiss at Goshenhoppen between 1748 and 1761, page 309. (4) “Pennyslvania German Pioneers,” by Ralph B. Strassburger, page 8.  Some have linked Ulrich to the Urig Hartsell who arrived aboard the Pink Plaisance on Sept, 21, 1732.  Urig Hartsell, age 18, immigrated with several other Hartsells, as listed in “Pennsylvania German Pioneers,” page 79.  However, our Ulrich was born in 1705, according to the Goshenhoppen records, making him too old to be this person.  (5) “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 14.  (6) “Pennsylvania Archives,” Series 3, Vol. 24, page 19.  (7) Montgomery County Deed Book 6, page 450, refers to the patent, saying it is recorded in Philadelphia Patent Book Vol. 1, page 459.  (8) “1769 Tax List (Proprietary) Montgomery County, Pennsylvania,” transcribed by Janet Brittingham and Mildred C. Williams, page 22.  (9) Burial dates for both men come from “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 419. The “same grave” information comes from “History of Lehigh County, Pa., Vol. II,” by Charles R. Roberts, page 507. This book states that the funeral was on Feb. 14, 1771.

    Johann Georg Hertzel was the son of Ulrich and Anna Margaret Hertzel. He was baptized May 20, 1733, in what is now Montgomery County, Pa. (1)
    Married Catharine Hahn, the widow of John Neiss. She was born about 1727. (2)
    The following children appear in George’s will from 1795: (3)
    George, who was born June 12, 1769 and listed as Joh. Georgus at his baptism.
    Catharine. Married George Heebner.
    Molly. Married John Gerhard.
    Margaret. Married Philip Bernett.
    The deceased mother of Catharine and Margaret Landis.
    Matching the names that appear in George’s will with those that appear on birth and confirmation records will require a bit more research.  In addition to the younger George, church records in Montgomery County list the baptism of Mary Magdalena on April 2, 1758 and the birth of Hanna on Dec. 5, 1766.  Both are likely to be among those mentioned under nicknames in the will.  Confirmation records at the Old Goshenhoppen Reformed Church may provide additional information on the daughter’s ages. Marg. Hertzel, age 16, was confirmed on April 24, 1773.  Cath. Hertzel, age 16, was confirmed on April13, 1776.  Magdalena Hertzel, age 15, was confirmed on April 14, 1775. (This would not match the date of the birth recorded above and it would conflict with the date of Catharine.  It may be a mistake or this may not be George’s daughter or the Hertzels may have named a second daughter Magdalena after the first died in infancy.)  Since no parental names are listed in the confirmation records, it isn’t certain that these records actually pertain to George’s daughters. However, no other girls with these names appear under these dates in “Pennyslvania Births Montgomery County 1682-1800.” (4)
    George appears to have owned farms in Franconia and Upper Salford townships in Montgomery County, which was a part of Philadelphia County until 1784.  In 1769, he paid taxes for 400 acres in Franconia, five horses, eight cattle and two “servants.” (5)  In 1773, he is listed as being from Upper Salford in a deed transferring his deceased father’s property to his control. (6)  In 1789, George Hertzel of Franconia Township, yoeman, and Catharine his wife sold  land in Upper Salford. (7)  George was involved in several other property transactions, but I have been unable to research them thoroughly.
    George’s record during the Revolutionary War appears to be contradictory; however, that isn’t unusual for Pennsylvania’s Germans.  George and his brother Ulrich are listed among the non-associators in Upper Salford Township in 1779.  Associators were those who took the oath to support and serve in the county militias during the Revolutionary War.  Many Germans declined to take the oath despite being sympathetic to the revolutionary cause.  Quite often, they believed that the oath conflicted with that they had taken upon immigration to the English colonies. (8)
    However, George actually does appear on Philadelphia County’s militia roles during the Revolution.  He appears as a private in Capt. Egert’s company, which mustered May 24, 1779. He is also listed as a private in Capt. Henry Nevel’s 7th Company from the “Upper District of Uppersolfort,” which belonged to the 5th Battalion of the county’s militia.  The date on one of the rosters for this unit is 1781.  The name George Hartzel appears in other records but it is uncertain whether these refer to our George or another.  The records I have selected are definitely those of our George because the home area is specified and known neighbors of our George are among the unit’s ranks. (9)
    George owned several slaves over the years.  His two “servants” in 1769 tax records have already been mentioned.  The 1790 Census records that he had two slaves. (10)  George’s slaves also appear in the records of the Old Goshenhoppen Reformed Church.  For example, under 1764 they say: “May 12, a negro of George Hertzel was buried; aged 19 years less a quarter.” (11)  In his will, George left his son George two slaves, a man named Cuff and a woman named Betz.  (12)  It is likely that the Cuff mentioned in the 1795 will is the same black man listed as “Coff, aged 30 years” who was confirmed at the Old Goshenhoppen church  on April 17, 1767 along with two of Catharine’s sons from her previous marriage. (13)
    While George did in his will make provisions for Cuff to be supplied with necessities and eventually be granted his freedom, the will still gives a good indication of these people’s status as property.  In it, Cuff and Betz fall between 247 acres of land and the furniture.  Specifically, it states that the younger George should receive “my Negro man Name Cuff for the term and time of four years but my Son George Shall give my said Negro man yearly three pounds in money and find him the said Negro man in said term washing, Lodging and apparel and after the Expiration of Said Term it is my will that my said Cuff shall be free if he can find or give Security that he will be in no Charge to my heirs or no Charge to said Franconia Township, and my negro wench Name Betz.”  The provision for freedom does not appear to extend to Betz.
    Relatively few people owned slaves in Montgomery County.  The 1790 Census shows only three slaves in Franconia Township, two of which would have been George’s.  An account of the history of African Americans in Montgomery County states, “Slave populations were concentrated in the townships occupied by the English and Welsh landowners and merchants rather than in the Swedish and German settlements.”  However, it does mention that the Rev. George Michael Weiss – who married George and Catharine – owned slaves and that slaves belonging to Henry Pawling were baptized by the famous Lutheran minister Henry Muhlenberg in nearby Trappe, Pa.  The account notes “that slave baptism was actually a rare occurrence.” (14)
    George also appears to have been active in the church because he is listed as an elder on June 30, 1782. (15)  He also appears to have participated in legal or political affairs to some degree.  On Oct. 12, 1784, a George Hartzel served on a panel that witnessed the election of Mongomery County’s sheriffs and commissioners. (16)
    George died at the end of 1795 or beginning of 1796. His will, which appears under the name of “Hartzel,” was written on Dec. 9, 1795 and filed Jan. 6, 1796.
    Catharine died in November 1815.
     (1) “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (1727-1819),” by the Rev. William John Hinke, page 279.  (2) Catharine’s marriaged to John Neiss and George’s later marriage to Catharine appear under the list of marriages conducted by the Rev. George Michael Weiss between 1747 and 1758. They appear on pages 301 and 303, respectively.  Her approximate birth year can be deduced from her age (88) at her death in November 1815, which appears in “The Perkiomen Region Past and Present,” by Henry S. Dotterer, Page 140.  (3) “Abstracts of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, Wills & Administrations 1784-1823,” by Ellwood Roberts, pages 81 and 82. George’s birth listed in “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 389.  (4) Mary Magdalena’s birth is listed in “Pennsylvania Births Montgomery County 1682-1800,” by John T. Humphrey.  Hanna’s appears in “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 386.  The confirmations appear on page 430 of that book.  (5) “1769 Tax List (Proprietary) Montgomery County, Pennsylvania,” transcribed by Janet Brittingham and Mildred C. Williams, page 22.  (6) Montgomery County Deed Book 6, page 450.  (7) Montgomery County Deed Book 5, page 438.  (8) “Oath of Allegiance, Associators & Non Associators, Montgomery County, Pa. (Part of Philadelphia County) 1778-1779,” by Janet Brittingham and Mildren C. Williams, page 28.  (9)  Service recorded in “Pennsylvania Archives, Series 6, Vol, I,” pages 964 (Egert’s company), 834, 853 and 871.  A George Hartzel is listed in the Continental Line’s Invalid Regiment in 1780-83 in “Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, Vol, IV,” pages 11 and 98.  This regiment was formed as “a home guard of all such persons as were not fit to march with the militia” to guard Philadelphia’s powder magazine and patrol its streets.  It appears unlikely that this would be our George since he was serving in another unit in 1781.  A George Hartzel from Northampton County is listed in Series 5, Vol. VIII, pages 151 and 160 but this one is definitely not our George.  (10) “Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, Pennsylvania,” listed under Montgomery County, page 163.  He was the only Hertzel recorded as owning slaves.  (11) “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 422.  (12) Montgomery County Will Book 1, page 484.  (13) “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 428.  The sons were Philip Nais, age 16, and John Nais, age 13.  Her other son was Abraham Nais, who was confirmed April 24, 1773, at age 17.  (14) “The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Montgomery County,” Vol. XVIII, spring 1973, page 340.  (15) “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge,” page 418.  (16) “Pennsylvania Archives,” Series 6, vol. 11, pages 237-238.

    George Hartzell was born June 12, 1769 in Montgomery County, Pa., to Georg and Catharine Hertzel. In the baptismal record he is listed as Joh. Georgus – a Latinized version of the name Johann Georg. (1)
    Married Catharine Kroh or Kron on Aug. 12, 1796.  Catherine was born in January 1775. (2)  George may have been married to another woman before 1796 (see below).
    Children: (3)
    Elizabeth.  Married Charles Goehring (a.k.a. Carl).
    Catharine.  Married Andrew Deemer.
    Sarah, born Oct. 30, 1805.  Married John Benner.
    Hannah (possibly Anna, born March 7, 1807).  Married George Young.
    Mary. Married James Cooper (a.k.a. Jakob Kugger).
    Jacob, born Sept. 24, 1811.
    Nancy.  Married James Harkins.
    George, born Sept. 3, 1813.
    Heinrich, born April 23, 1816, and died July 26, 1825.
    Johann, born Sept. 14, 1818.
    And probably Michael.
    Michael does not appear in any records in western Pennsylvania but does appear on a list of George’s children in a problematic secondary source described below.  It appears to be possible that he was the son of George from a previous marriage.  The baptism of a Michael Hertzel, the son of George and Margareth, is recorded at the Old Goshenhoppen Reformed Church.  This Michael was born Sept. 28, 1791.  A Michael Herzel also appears in the church’s communion records along with Georg Herzel on April 24, 1814.  In addition, an 1820 deed (also cited below) mentions a Michael Hertzell and a George “the younger” as if they were George’s sons.  Georg and Margaretha Herzel also had a daughter named Catharina, who was born Oct. 13, 1789, according to the church records.  It is possible that this girl is the Catharine listed above.  Margareth does not appear in other records I have found.  However, this couple probably had at least one other child because the church records also mention the death of a son of Georg Hertzel.  The boy, Johannes, was born Feb. 27, 1794 and died March 10, 1795, more than a year before the marriage to Catharine Kroh.  Also, a George Hertzel and his wife are listed as sponsors at the 1793 baptisms of a child of John Nice, George’s half-brother.  This was three years before the marriage of George and Catharine.  The likelihood of a previous marriage increases when it is realized that George was 27 when he married Catharine Kroh and people rarely waited that long to marry in the late 1700s.  Margareth’s maiden name may have been Hartmann.  A Michael Hartmann served as Michael Hertzel’s baptismal sponsor, a role usually reserved for a close relative.  It is possible that some of the other children listed above were born to Margaret – if she was, indeed, our George’s first wife.  The problem with identifying this couple with our George is that a George and Margaret Herzel are listed as the parents of Jonas, who was born May 1, 1799 – three years after the marriage of George and Catharine.  However, that baptism is probably unrelated to the others because it occurred at the Indianfield Reformed Church in Franconia Township, which was the church attended by a separate branch of the Hertzel clan.
    Two separate accounts of George have come down to us in “Genealogical and Personal History of Beaver County, Pa.” The work, which was published in 1914, focuses on later generations but mentions George as progenitor of the Hartzel family of Beaver County. The accounts contain several obvious errors and differ from each other. (4)
    “George Hartzel, who was born in Lehigh township, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, traveled by wagon, in 1751 to the western part of the state, and settled in Marion township, Beaver county, where he was one of the earliest settlers. He purchased a large tract of land which he cleared for farming purposes, and spend the remainder of his life there. He was a member of the German Reformed Church, and a man of influence in the community. He married Katherine Krohen, and had children: George, Jacob, John, see forward, and six daughters.”
    In this passage, the date of migration is obviously incorrect since he would have been well over 100 years old when he died in 1850 and also because the area wasn’t settled by white men at all until long after 1751.
    “George Hartzel was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and removed to Marion township, Beaver county, Pennsylvania, about 1830. He located on a farm which is now known as the Michael Young farm, where he cleared the land and prepared it for farming purposes. He died at Brush Creek, Cranberry township, Butler county, Pennsylvania, while living with a daughter. He married Catherine Cron, born in Germany, and they had children: George, John, see forward; Jacob, Michael, Betsey, Catherine, Hannah, Sarah, Maria.”
    The second item appears to be more reliable, if only because of the migration date and the more-complete list of children. Both items then go on to describe George’s son John.  It’s interesting that such divergent biographical sketches focus on the same individual and appear in the same book. However, such sketches were compiled primarily to satisfy the person who paid to have his ancestors recognized.
    George appears to have lived on his parents’ farm.  The 1790 Census lists only one George Hertzel in Montgomery County.  This household included three males over 16 years old, two females, one male under 16 and two slaves.  Because only the name George Hertzel is attached to the listing, it is impossible to determine which George was actually running the farm and who the other people who lived there were.
    George was one of the last slave-owners in Montgomery County, Pa.  In 1795, George inherited a “Negro man Named Cuff” and a “negro wench Named Betz,” from his father.  His father’s will instructed George to free Cuff after four years and to pay him 3 pounds a year in the meantime.  No such provision was made for Betz but slavery was on the verge of abolition in Pennsylvania so it is unlikely that she remained a slave for long. (5)
    The will also conveyed the family farm in Franconia Township and land in western Pennsylvania to George.  In 1801, George sold the Franconia farm to George Scholl. (6)  After this, the Hartzels moved to neighboring Upper Salford Township.
    George was a lawyer and perhaps a justice of the peace.  Montgomery County land records refer to him as “George Hartzell, Esquire, of Upper Salford Township.”  In addition, items in newspapers from Norristown, the county seat, mention weddings performed by George Hartzell, Esquire, in 1804, 1818 and 1821. (7)
    It is difficult to say exactly when the Hartzels moved to western Pennsylvania.  George’s name begins appearing in deeds in Butler County in 1806 but, as noted above, he keeps appearing in Montgomery County records until 1821.
    When George purchased 177 acres in Butler County on March 1, 1806, the deed mentioned that he was from Butler County.  In addition, a deed recording the sale of property in nearby Beaver County on June 13, 1816, indicates that George lived in Cranberry Township in Butler County (and was German).  However, the last real estate record mentioning him in Montgomery County lists him as being from Upper Salford Township in February 1820. (8)  In addition, a Georg Herzel appears in communion records at the Old Goshenhoppen Reformed Church at six-month intervals between 1813 and 1815.  And the list of communicants for April 15, 1815, includes George Herzel, Esq., and Katharina Herzel.  Finally, Georg and Catharine Hertzel appear as sponsors at a baptism on Jan. 30, 1819. (9)
    This may indicate that he traveled back and forth but that seems unlikely given the difficulties of cross-country transportation during that period.  At the very least, he already owned land in the west and used that as his address when conducting business in the area.
    It appears certain that the family moved west no later than 1821.  The last of the Montgomery County weddings took place on Jan. 24, 1821, and two of George’s children were confirmed at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Zelienople, Butler County, on Oct. 28 of that year.
    George appears to have dabbled in real estate speculation because his name appears in the records of numerous land transactions in Beaver and Butler counties.  His interest in western Pennsylvania appears to have been literally inherited from his father, as mentioned above.  The elder George owned land in the area, which is mentioned in his will as being in Westmoreland County.  What is now Butler County was included in Westmoreland County when the latter was formed in 1773. Butler County was formed in 1800. (10)
    On June 13, 1816, George bought the land on which he later settled.  It consisted of 155 acres in North Sewickly Township, Beaver County.  Before he died, George transferred most of this farm to George Jr. (but the deed wasn’t recorded until 1867). (11)
    The 1840 Census lists George Heartsel as a farmer in North Sewickley Township, Beaver County. His household included only him and a woman between the ages of 60 and 70, presumably Catharine.
    The account that stated George was “a man of influence in the community” appears to have had some merit.  When Marion Township was formed from part of North Sewickley Township in 1845, Beaver County officials stipulated that the township election was to be held at “G. Hartzell’s in said Township.” (12)  In addition, the area that was to be formed into Marion Township is referred to as “Hartzel’s District” in the county’s 1845 tax records. (13)   In addition, George is listed as a deacon on a roster of “first leaders of  St. Paul’s Lutheran Church” in Zelienople.  No date is indicated but it was probably during the early 1820s.  Confirmations at the church began in 1821 and church construction began in 1826. (14)
    Later, the Hartzels attended church at what became known as St. John’s United Evangelical Protestant Church in New Sewickley Township.  George Herzel Sr. appears of the list of members who contributed toward the minister’s salary in 1836. (15)
    George’s estate papers provide an interesting look at his life and business.  He appears to have had available cash that he lent to others.  The papers mention that he was owed $1,201.26 through “Notes for money lent” to family and neighbors.  He also was owed $707 for a “Judgment for land” in Beaver County – probably stemming from a lawsuit of some sort.  In addition, he had $2,020.46 in cash, which was a relatively large amount for that time and place.  Finally, among the household items he left behind was “1 keg and whisky,” which was purchased by his son-in-law Andrew Deemer for $2.75.
    George spent his last years in Cranberry Township, Butler County, and his estate papers list that as his address.  This would match the information in the biographic sketch cited earlier.
    Catherine died Aug. 5, 1847. (16)  George died March 4, 1850 in Butler County.  The cause of death was listed as “decline.” (17)
    George and Catharine are buried in the Zelienople Borough Cemetery. (18)
    (1)  “A History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (1727-1819),” page 389.  (2) “Pennsylvania German Marriages,” compiled by Donna R. Irish, page 98.  This book cites as its source records of Indian Creek Reformed Church in Franconia Township, Montgomery County, Pa.  Catherine’s approximate birth date comes from her death record in “St. Paul’s Lutheran and Reformed Church, Zelienople, Butler County, Pennsylvania,” transcribed by Gertrude M. Ziegler, page 159.  Items in “Genealogical and Personal History of Beaver County, Pa.,” pages 444 and 579, say her maiden name was Cron or Krohen.  This could be a corruption of the German practice of feminizing women’s last names. “Kroh” would be come “Krohin,” which could should like “Cron” or “Krohen.”  The only Kroh family I could find in Montgomery County during the appropriate period is that of Friedrich Kroh.  He is listed as one of the early settlers of Lower Merion Township (1753) in “Bulletin of the Historical Society of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania,” Vol. 9, No. 3, page 203.  Frederick Crow is listed as paying taxes in Lower Merion in 1780 in the Bulletin’s Vol. 22, No. 2, page 178. A Friedrich Kroh is listed as immigrating to Philadelphia on Sept. 24, 1753 in “Pennsylvania German Pioneers,” page 566 and 567.  It should be noted that the records of St. Paul’s Church in Zelienople repeatedly refer to her as Koch as well as Kroh.  However, the overwhelming majority of references in all sources is to something similar to Kron.  (3) All of the children (except Heinrich, who was dead, and Michael) and the husbands of the women were listed in George Sr.’s estate papers, which were filed in Butler County Estate File H79.  Some of the children also are listed in the St. Paul’s records: Sara and Anna, page 1; George Jr. and Jakob, page 6; Johann, page 7; and Heinrich, page 147.  George Jr. also listed in Beaver County Deed Book 54, page 274.  The children – including Michael – also are listed in “Genealogical and Personal History of Beaver County, Pa.,” pages 444 and 579.  However, this source offers two conflicting accounts of the children and some other aspects of George’s life. “A Hartzell-Price Family History and Genealogy,” Charles H. Price Jr., page 246, lists the Montgomery County George children as: Nancy, born 1807; Mark, born 1808; George, born 1809; Elizabeth, born 1811; Davis, born 1815; Philip, born 1820; and John, born 1822.  Price appears that he has our George confused with another man since it seems highly unlikely that two George Hertzels married women named Catharine Kron.  (4) The first account is on page 444 and the second is on page 579.  (5) “Abstracts of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, Wills & Administrations 1784-1823” by Ellwood Roberts, pages 81 and 82.  (6) Montgomery County Deed Book 17, page 327, and Deed Book 36, page 325.  (7) “Advertisements and Notices of Interest from Norristown, Pennsylvania, Newspapers 1799-1821,” compiled by Judith A.H. Meier, pages 29, 118 and 140.  (8) Butler County Deed Book A, page 270; Beaver County Deed Book D, page 512; and Montgomery County Deed Book, 36, page 325.  (9) Goshenhoppen Reformed communion records are on pages 434, 435 and 436.  The baptism – of Nathan, the son of an unidentified Hertzel – appears on page 410.  (10) “History of Butler County, Pennsylvania. With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of some of its Prominent Men and Pioneers,” by Waterman, Watkins, & Co., Page 40.  (11) George Jr. deed is in Beaver County Deed Book 54, page 274.  (12) “History of Beaver County Pennsylvania and the Centennial Celebration,” by the Rev. Joseph H. Bausman, page 887.  However, it should be noted that the farm may have already been in the hands of George’s son, who was also named George.  But the younger George doesn’t appear to have acquired the farm until later.  (13) “Tax Records 1841-1850, Beaver County, Pennsylvania,” Helen G. Clear and Mae H. Winne, page 20.  (14) St. Paul’s records, page viii.  (15) From part of “Souvenir Commemorating the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Organization of St. John’s United Evangelical Protestant Church,” pages 14-15, which was supplied by Kay Schaney.  (16) St. Paul’s records, page 159.  (17) Date of death is in the St. Paul’s records, page 161.  Cause of death is in “Pennsylvania 1850 Mortality,” page 130.  The church records say he was 79 years and 3 months old and the other source says he was 80.  He was actually 79 years and 9 months old.  Complicating the matter is the cemetery inscription reported in  “Butler County Cemetery Inventory, Vol. 4,” by the Butler County Historical Society, page 2.  This source indicates that George was born Sept. 26, 1774, which would have made him 75 years, 5 months and 9 days old.  Since death records of St. Paul’s and “Pennsylvania 1850 Mortality” are so close to agreement, it would appear that the cemetery inventory is more likely to be the incorrect source.  At some point, it should be checked against the actual tombstone.  The cemetery inventory says that Catharine was born Nov. 5, 1774, which is only about two months off when compared to the church records.

NOTE: Because of the number of George Hertzels appearing in Montgomery County records in the late 1700s and early 1800s, sorting them out has proved difficult and prompted some misidentifications by genealogists over the years.  The biggest problems are a George Henry born in 1770 and a Joh. Georgus born in 1771.  Michael Hertzel and his wife Catharine had a son named George Henry, who was born Feb. 25, 1770, according to page 127 of “Parochial Register of the Indian Creek Reformed Church 1753-1851,” which appears in “Publications of the Pennsylvania German Society , Vol III.”  While this record was made at the same church in which our George was later married to Catharine Kron (page 161), this “George” probably would have been known as George Henry, or just Henry, under German naming conventions.  The other possibility is the Joh. Georgus who was the son of Marx Hertzel born Jan. 27, 1771, whose birth is recorded in the Goshenhoppen records, page 390.  The baptismal sponsor was Johann Georg Hertzel, Marx’s brother and our George’s father. This child died in infancy, according to “A Hartzell-Price Family History and Genealogy,” Charles H. Price Jr., page 243.  Price cites the Goshenhoppen church records as his source but I have not found the listing that indicates this child died.  Until proof of his early death is found, it would be difficult to rule him out as a possibility.  The remaining case for identifying the George who settled in western Pennsylvania is relatively complex.  In Montgomery County Deed Book 17, page 327, “George Hertzel, Esquire” is identified as the son of George Sr. (1733-1795).  It then must be proved that George “Esquire” was the same man who moved to western Pennsylvania. The two most important pieces of evidence are the name of George’s wife and land records.  Concerning the name, Georg Herzel and Catherine Kroh are listed as parents of several children in “St. Paul’s German Lutheran and Reformed Church in Zelienople, Butler County, Pennsylvania,” transcribed by Gertrude M. Ziegler.  In the 1801 deed cited above  (Montgomery County Deed Book 17, page 327, and Deed Book 36, page 325), a Catharine is listed as the wife of George Hertzel, Esquire.  The marriage of George Hartzel to Catherine Kroh (“Pennsylvania German Marriages,” compiled by Donna R. Irish, page 98) took place in 1796 in Franconia Township, which was our George’s home at the time.  Therefore, the first names of the wives of the “two Georges” match and the western Pennsylvania George is definitely linked to the area of Franconia Township, Montgomery County.  In the second piece of evidence, George, Esquire, inherited from his father land in Westmoreland County.  Much of what became Butler County a few years later was taken from Westmoreland County.  This proves that the “two Georges” each owned property in the same area in western Pennsylvania.  Further research is necessary but it appears likely that this inherited land formed the nucleus of the younger George’s holdings there.  Bolstering the case is Montgomery County Deed Book 36, page 325, which records the final sale of property by George Hartzel, Esquire, in that county.  This 1820 deed mentions George and Catharine and also a Michael Hartzell, who was a miller in Marlborough Township, and “George Hartzell, the younger of Upper Salford Township.”  The younger George was probably the son who was born in 1813.  Michael may be the son mentioned in “Genealogical and Personal History of Beaver County, Pa.,” page 579.  Although these identifications are not concrete, they are supported by the general trend of the evidence.  Finally, George, Esquire, disappears from Montgomery County records just when our George starts appearing in church records in western Pennsylvania.  While there appears to be an incredible amount of overlap in records from 1804 to 1820, there is a definite shift in 1821.  George of Montgomery County is gone but George of Beaver County become much more active.

    George Hartzell was born Sept. 3, 1813 in Pennsylvania to George and Catharine (Kroh) Hartzell. (1)
    Married Charlotte Stamm, who was born about 1816 or 1817 in Pennsylvania.  Her parents were John C. and Catharine Stamm, who had immigrated from Germany. (2)
    Children: (3)
    Catharine, born about 1836. Married Jacob Baier.
    Sophia, born about 1838. Married Alford S. Powl.
    Mary A. or Marian, born about 1840. Wife of Phillip Broman.
    Lewis H. or Louis, born about 1842.
    Harriet, born Feb. 24, 1844.  Married Michael P. Nye.
    William C. or Christif, born 1845 or 1846.
    Julia A. or Juliana, born about 1848.
    Lilian Emilia or Emma, born about 1850. Married Lewis Este.
    Charlotte Melissa, born about 1854. Married Lewis Daufen.
    Frederick A., born about 1858.
    Allis Barbara, born about 1862. Married Theodore Yahn.
    Henriette. Married Henry Ketterer.
    George. Probably died young.
    George was a farmer in Marion Township, Beaver County, Pa.  He appears in township tax records for the years 1846 to 1850 and is listed as a farmer in a 1876 directory of the county. (4)
    The Hartzells attended church at what later became known as St. John’s United Evangelical Protestant Church in New Sewickley Township.  George Herzel Jr. appears of the list of members who contributed toward the minister’s salary in 1836. (5)
    The 1850 Census of Marion Township, lists George Heartzell as a farmer who owned real estate valued at $1,500.  In addition to his wife Charlotte, 33, his household contained Catharine, 14; Sophia, 12; Mary A., 10; Lewis H. 8; Harriet, 6; Wm. C., 4; and Julia A. 2.
    The 1860 Census lists Geo Hartzel Sr. as a farmer who owned real estate valued at $2,000 and personal property valued at $410.  In addition to his wife Charlotte, 44, his household contained Louis, 18, farmhand; Harriet, 16; Christif, 15, farmhand; Juliana, 12; Emma, 10; Melissa, 6; and Fredk, 2.
    George served on Beaver County's committee of safety appointed at the beginning of the Civil War.  He was also one of six men appointed to m.ake sure families of soldiers from Marion Township were cared for during the war. (6)
    The 1870 Census lists George Hartzell Sr. as a farmer who owned real estate valued at $5,000 and personal property valued at $600.  In addition to his wife Charlotte, 53, his household contained Melissa, 14; Fredk A., 12; and Alice, 8.  It seems likely that his son William lived on George’s property because the census lists Wm. C. Hartzell beside George but does not indicate that he owned any property.  William’s household also contained Dolly, age 24, and William, 2.
    Charlotte appears to have died sometime during the 1870s because George is listed as a widow in the 1880 Census.  That census also lists George Hartzell as “keeping house,” which probably indicates that he was retired.  The only other occupant of George’s household was his daughter Alice, age 18.  His household is listed between those of his sons William and Frederick.
    On June 8, 1878, a George Hartzell and others were indicted on riot charges in Beaver County.  However, it’s unknown which George Hartzell this refers to and the details of the case are unavailable. (7)
    When George wrote his will on Jan. 29, 1885, he did not mention Lewis, Julia or George, possibly an indication that each had died before that date.
    George died Oct. 13, 1892. (8)
    (1) St. Paul’s German Lutheran and Reformed Church in Zelienople, Butler County, Pennsylvania,” transcribed by Gertrude M. Ziegler, page 6.  The link to his parents also is in Beaver County Deed Book 54, page 274, a deed mentioning a land transaction between George Hertzel Sr. to George Hertzel Jr.  (2) Date and place come from 1850 Census.  Parents are named in John C. Stamm's will in Beaver County Will Book D, page 333.  (3) 1850 Census, 1860 Census and George’s will in Beaver County Will Book I, page 323. Some names are listed differently in the sources. George Jr. is not listed in census records in 1850 or 1860 and is not mentioned in his father’s will. However, our George is listed as George Hartzell Sr. in the will, his death listing in the Register’s Docket and the 1860 census. Women’s spouses are listed in the will.  (4) Occupation listed in census records and “Beaver County Centennial Directory,” by J. Weyand and W.I. Reed, reprinted for the Tri-State Genealogical Society, page 195.  Tax records listed in “Tax Records 1841-1850 Beaver County, Pennsylvania Abstracted from Original Documents, Part II – Eastside,” by Helen G. Clearn, page 2.  (5) From part of “Souvenir Commemorating the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Organization of St. John’s United Evangelical Protestant Church,” pages 14-15, which was supplied by Kay Schaney.  (6) “History of Beaver County, Pa.,” by A. Warner and Co., page 302.  (7) Beaver County Quarter Sessions Docket 8, case 169.  (8) Beaver County Register’s Docket No. 6, page 381. Listed as George Hartzell Sr. of Marion Township, executor was Frederick A. Hartzell.