The Old Homestead

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God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

- Romans 5:8

Knauss

LUCAS and ANNA KNAUSS
    Lucas Knauss was born about 1633 in Germany. (1)
    Married a woman named Anna, probably in 1663, based on the baptismal date of their first child.  She was born about 1634. (2)
    Children: (3)
    Johann Heinrich Knauss, baptized July 3, 1664.
    Georg Knauss, baptized Nov. 1, 1665.
    Anna Margaretha Knauss, baptized March 10, 1667.  Died in 1673.
    Eva Dorothea Knauss, baptized March 14, 1669.  Married Christian Gass.
    Elisabetha Knauss, baptized Aug. 13, 1671.  Died Sept. 7, 1671.
    Johann Caspar Knauss, baptized March 19, 1673.
    Juliana Knauss, baptized May 15, 1676.  Twin.  Died in July 1676.
    Anna Catharina Knauss, baptized May 15, 1676.  Twin.  Died in July 1676.
    Anna Margareta Knauss, baptized July 15, 1677. 
    Maria Elisabeth Knauss, baptized Dec. 12, 1680.  Died March 1692.
    Johann Peter Knauss, baptized Aug. 13, 1682.
    Ludwig Knauss, baptized March 29, 1685.
    Lucas appears in the church records of Düdelsheim starting in the 1660s.  The town is now part of Büdingen, which east of Frankfurt.  In the years around 1635, Büdingen suffered through plague, witch trials and the impact of the Thirty Years War.  Parts of the town still lay devastated in the early 1700s. (4)  It’s possible that Lucas was a small child in neighboring Düdelsheim during these events, but it’s also possible that he moved to the town as an adult and missed this chaos.
    All of Lucas and Anna’s known children were born in Düdelsheim.  Sadly, at least five of them died in childhood, including a pair of twins who died when they were about 2 months old in 1676.  In addition to the deaths noted above, the burial of a 25-year-old daughter of Lucas Knaus is recorded on Aug. 23, 1690.  None of the couple’s known daughters fits these facts.  Either this daughter’s age is listed incorrectly or the couple had another daughter before moving to Düdelsheim.
    Anna died Feb. 12, 1710 in Düdelsheim.
    Lucas died March 12, 1713 in Düdelsheim.

(1) Lucas Knauss’ approximate birth year is drawn from his burial record in Düdelsheim, Hessen, Germany.  It is available at “Deutschland Tote und Beerdigungen, 1582-1958“ at FamilySearch.org.  Much of this information is also contained in “Knauss Genealogy: Lukas Knauss (1633-1713) of Düdelsheim, Germany, and His American Descendants,” compiled by Wilburg L. King, Bethlehem, 1930, page 11.  Many of Lucas’ descendants are covered in an earlier genealogy: “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family in American,” by James O. Knauss and Tilghman J. Knauss, Emaus, Pa., 1915.  However, it does not mention him.  (2) Anna’s approximate birth year can be drawn from her death record, which is available in the same database as Lucas’.  (3) The children’s baptismal dates appear in “Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898,” at FamilySearch.org.  The deaths are available in the same database as those of the parents.  Most of the information also appears in “Knauss Genealogy,” though some of the names are spelled differently and several of the children who died young are not mentioned.  The marriage appears in “Deutschland Heiraten, 1558-1929,” at FamilySearch.org.  (4) Büdingen’s problems are briefly described on its municipal website – www.buedingen.info.


LUDWIG and ANNA MARGRETHA KNAUSS
    Johann Ludwig Knauss was baptized March 28, 1685, in Düdelsheim in Hessen, Germany.  He was the son of Lucas and Anna Knauss. (1)
    Married Anna Margretha Goerlach on Feb. 16, 1707, in Düdelsheim.  She was the daughter of Johann Heinrich Goerlach and was baptized Nov. 23, 1687 in Düdelsheim. (2)
    Children: (3)
    Gottfried Knauss, baptized Nov. 15, 1707.
    Johann Peter Knauss, baptized Feb. 23, 1710.
    Johann Henrich Knauss, baptized May 27, 1712.
    Sebastian Henrich Knauss, baptized Nov. 6, 1714.
    Anna Catharina Knauss, born Jan. 29, 1717.
    Eva Dorothea Knauss, born Aug. 11, 1719.
    Anna Barbara Knauss, born Nov. 23, 1721.
    Maria Catherine Knauss, born Feb. 16, 1734.  Married Andreas Gieiring.
    Sophia Knauss, born Nov. 28, 1737.  Married Ludwig Andres.
    In addition to these children, the 1930 “Knauss Genealogy,” compiled by Wilburg L. King, lists the following as possible children of Ludwig and Anna Margretha: Anna Margaretha Knauss, married George Michael; Daniel Knauss, born July 27, 1726; John George Knauss; and John Ludwig Knauss, born February 1730.  Finally, an unnamed child who was baptized in 1741 is listed as the child of Ludwig and Anna Eva Knauss, presumably a second wife if this is the same Ludwig Knauss.
    Ludwig grew up in Düdelsheim and raised his own family there until immigrating to America at age 38. (4)  Many early American sources refer to the town as Titelsheim in the Wetterau, because that is how Sebastian Knauss’ birthplace is spelled in his obituary in Moravian church records.  The misspelling is understandable since  Düdelsheim can sound like “Titlesheim” in some German pronunciations and spelling was rather haphazard in the 18th century.
    The family sailed to America in 1723, according to Sebastian’s obituary.
    Ludwig settled in Whitemarsh Township in what is now Montgomery County, Pa.  At the time, it was part of Philadelphia County.
    Within five years of arriving in America, Ludwig became a deacon in the Reformed church in Whitemarsh.   In July 1728, Ludwich Knauws was among the members of “the Consistories of the three Reformed Congregations of Falkner’s Schwamp, Schip Back, and Wit Marche” who signed a letter to the Dutch Reformed Classis of Amsterdam asking that John Philip Boehm be ordained.  Their request was granted and Boehm became instrumental in the grown of the Reformed church in Pennsylvania.  His biographer, William J. Hinke, even refers to him as the founder of the Reformed Church in the state. (5)
    Ludwig continued to be listed as a deacon for the Whitemarsh congregation for the next few years.  His signature appears on letters and reports from Boehm dated Jan. 29, 1730, Oct. 28, 1734, March 10, 1738 and Feb. 18, 1739.
    The Whitemarsh congregation was among the smallest of Boehm’s charges.  It has been founded in 1725 and met in the house of William De Wees.  In reflecting on the “first beginning” of his ministry, the pastor wrote in 1744: “After I had preached a few times to my dear congregations, namely Falckner Schwam (which place is at present called New Hanover township), Schipbach and Weitmarsch, which had entrusted themselves to my ministry, we celebrated the Lord's Supper, and there communed for the first time on October 15, 1725, at Falckner Schwam 40 members; in November at Schipbach, 37 members; on December 23, at Weitmarsch, 24 members.”  In 1739, 29 people took communion at the Whitemarsh church and Boehm noted:  “In this congregation there are only two elders and two deacons, on account of the small number of members.”  However, this congregation quickly dwindled after the death of De Wees and disbanded in 1745. (6)
    During this time, Ludwig owned land in Whitemarsh Township.  A 1734 list of people who paid quit-rents to the Pennsylvania proprietaries includes Ludwig Knoss, who held 100 acres in Whitemarsh. (7)
    After 1739, Ludwig seems to disappear from the records of Montgomery County.  Earlier researchers found references to a Ludwig Knauss in church and court records from the area where some of his sons settled – what is now Lehigh County, Pa.  Although I have not found several of the key records, their interpretation seems plausible.  Following is the account offered in by King in “Knauss Genealogy.”  “It is probable that his wife died in Whitemarsh Township, and that after her death the husband took up his residence with either his son Gottfried or John George along the Jordan Creek, Lehigh County, where he mar. Anna Eva – as we find that on 28 July 1741 a child (no name given) of Ludwig and Anna Eva was baptized and recorded in the Reformed Church records at Egypt, Pa.  The sponsors at this baptism were Nicholas and Maria Margaret Kern.  Ludwig Knauss died in 1746 and letters of administration were granted in Bucks County, Pa., to his son Gottfried 26 Mch. 1746.  His widow married Albrecht Miller, a widower, 8 Mch. 1748.” (8)
   
(1) Ludwig’s baptism is listed in “Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898,” at FamilySearch.org.  Much of this information is also contained in “Knauss Genealogy: Lukas Knauss (1633-1713) of Düdelsheim, Germany, and His American Descendants,” compiled by Wilburg L. King, Bethlehem, 1930, page 11.  Many of Lucas’ descendants are covered in an earlier genealogy: “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family in America,” by James O. Knauss and Tilghman J. Knauss, Emaus, Pa., 1915.  (2) The wedding date and the name of Margretha’s father are listed in “Deutschland Heiraten, 1558-1929,” at FamilySearch.org.  “Knauss Genealogy” says that Anna Margaretha was baptized on Nov. 23, 1687, but corresponding listing appears in “Deutschland Geburten und Taufen.”  (3) The children who were born in Germany are listed in “Deutschland Geburten und Taufen.”  The children are also listed in “Knauss Genealogy,” though with some different spellings and slightly different dates.  Maria Catharine and Sophia appear in Moravian records that are transcribed in The Pennsylvania-German, Vol. VII, No. 6, “The Knauss Family,” by Ex-Supt. J. O. Knauss, Harrisburg, Pa., page 287.  (4) Sebastian’s obituary is transcribed in “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family in American,” page 18.  (5) The letter appears in “The Life and Letters of the Rev. John Philip Boehm, Founder of the Reformed Church in Pennsylvania,” edited a by the Rev. William J. Hinke, Philadelphia, 1916, pages 168, 191, 257, 261 and 284.  A facsimile of Ludwig’s signature in a tight, angular Germanic script appears on page 35.  (6) The mention of Boehm’s “first beginning” appears on page 409 of “Life and Letters.”  The Whitemarsh status in 1739 appears on page 273.  Other details appear on page 481.  (7) The quit-rent is mentioned in “A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousands Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776,” by I. Daniel Rupp, Philadelphia, 1876, page 478.  (8) The passage quoted is from “Knauss Genealogy, page 13. Many of the same basic facts and analysis appear in “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family,” page 21.  Since Ludwig lived in Montgomery County, all of these identifications hinge of finding the letters of administration that put him in Bucks County in 1746.  Unfortunately, no such estate administration records appear in the Bucks County general index or Orphans Court index, which are available at “Pennsylvania, Wills and Probate Records,” at Ancestry.com.  It’s possible that they appear in a different set of records, but these sets of records would appear to be the most likely.  It should be noted that some of the locations mentioned are now in Lehigh County, which was taken from Northampton County, and Northampton was taken from Bucks County.


SEBASTIAN HENRICH and ANNA CATHARINE KNAUSS
    Sebastian Henrich Knauss was baptized Nov. 6, 1714, in Düdelsheim in Hessen, Germany.  He was the son of Ludwig and Anna Margretha Goerlach Knauss. (1)
    Married Anna Catharine Transue on Jan. 1, 1741.  She was born March 6, 1722, in Mutterstadt in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, to Abraham and Elizabeth (Muenster) Transue. (2)
    Children: (3)
    Heinrich Knauss, born Dec. 3, 1741.
    Catharina Knauss, born April 21, 1743.  Married Conrad Ernst.
    Leonhard Knauss, born Jan. 8, 1745.
    Anna Maria Knauss, born April 26, 1747.  Married Tobias Moyer and later Philip Philbert.
    Johannes Knauss, born Nov. 17, 1748.
    Joseph Knauss, born Oct. 22, 1750.
    Elisabeth Knauss, born Jan. 29, 1753.  Married Frederick Romig.
    Abraham Knauss, born March 1, 1755.
    Jacob Knauss, born Jan. 26, 1757.
    Johann Ludwig Knauss, born May 19, 1759.
    Magdalena Knauss, born Sept. 3, 1761.  Married Joseph Clewell.
    A small son who died on March 18, 1764.
    Anna Johanna Knauss, born March 31, 1765.  Married George Clewell.
    Philip Knauss, born Oct. 25, 1767.
    Sebastian’s family left Germany in 1723, when he was about 9 years old.  The family settled in Whitemarsh Township in what is now Montgomery County, Pa., but was part of Philadelphia County at the time.  His father, Ludwig, was a deacon for the township’s Reformed congregation for many years, a devotion that he appears to have passed on to his son. (4)
    Sebastian’s own story of faith began when he went to learn the trade of wheelwright from Henry Antes, a pivotal figure in the history of the Moravian Church and of Bethlehem, Pa.  It seems that Sebastian turned to a family friend for training.  Antes’ father was an elder at the same Reformed congregation where Ludwig Knauss was a deacon.  Antes married Christina DeWees, the daughter of William, in whose house the Whitemarsh church met for worship.  And Antes even lived in the DeWees household for several years. (5)
    Sebastian’s obituary in Moravian Church records explains what happened.  “With reference to his connection with the Moravian Church, in which he has been for so many years a worthy and beloved member, the following may be said: While he was learning his trade in the employ of our dear Brother Henry Antes, he at the same time was benefited so much spiritually that he was led to meditate deeply about the condition of his soul.  Fearing that all was not well, he began to meditate and his soul was filled with restlessness and anguish.  In the meantime his marriage took place.  In 1742, together with his wife, visited Bethlehem; their visit was the occasion of a new spiritual experience.”  Sebastian and Anna Catharine joined the Moravian Church at the height of the Great Awakening, a Christian revival that swept America and England in the 1730s and 1740s.
    As noted in his obituary, Sebastian married Anna Catharine Transue in 1741.  She was 19 years old and her family emigrated from Germany in 1730, sailing aboard a ship named Thistle of Glasgow and arriving in Philadelphia.  Her family settled in Salisbury Township, in what is now Lehigh County. (6)
    Over the next 26 years, Sebastian and Anna Catharine had 13 children.  Sebastian’s obituary in Moravian records states: “From this most happy wedlock there survive him thirteen children, eight sons and five daughters.  Furthermore he was permitted to see twenty grandchildren.”  By the time Anna Catharine died in 1799, the total had reached 91 grandchildren and 36 great-grandchildren, of whom 73 grandchildren and 32 great-grandchildren were living, according to her obituary in Moravian records.
    After their marriage, the Knausses settled in Salisbury Township, which is noted as their son Heinrich’s birthplace in Anna Catharine’s obituary.  This was to be the location where Sebastian made his greatest impact by helping to establish the Moravian community that became the village of Emmaus (often spelled “Emaus”).
    The work of Sebastian and other early Moravians is described in “The Emaus Moravian Congregation,” compiled for the Lehigh County Historical Society in 1910. (7)  This article states: “Among the settlers of this section who had a more distinct part in the organizing of this congregation, sometimes called ‘the Fathers of Emmaus,’ were Sebastian Knauss and Jacob Ehrnhardt.”
    The impetus for establishing a church in Salisbury Township came from a visit by Count Nicolaus Zinzendorf to the newly established Moravian community of Bethlehem, according to the history of the congregation.
    “In the fall of 1741 did God especially bless the mission in Pennsylvania in the person of Count Zinzendorf, who made known his willingness to preach the good word of life to all hungry souls wherever it was desired.  Immediately the brethren, Jacob Ehrnhardt and Sebastian Knauss, united in a request to Zinzendorf, to preach in the house of the former.  This request was complied with and the Count soon thereafter preached in Ehrnhardt’s house to a large company, but very briefly, on the words, ‘Straight is the gate and narrow is the way which leadeth unto life and few there be that find it,’ Matt. 7:14.
    “Not long after the three brethren, Sebastian Knauss, Jacob Ehrnhardt and Andrew Schaus, petitioned Zinzendorf that the church at Bethlehem might take them under their spiritual oversight and that through the brethren the word of the Gospel might be preached unto them.    The request was granted ... Some time in the fall of 1742, a log church was begun.”
    Five years later, the believers in Salisbury Township were ready to take the next step.  On July 23, 1747, Moravian leaders in Bethlehem called township residents to a love feast to discuss organizing a congregation.  They decided to take action the following Sunday.  On July 30, residents of the Salisbury area traveled to Bethlehem, where they worshipped, participated in a love feast and began organizing their congregation.  They selected leaders, including an elder, deacon and superintendent for the boarding school.  “Finally, Brother Sebastian and Sister Anna Knauss and Brother Jacob Ehrnhardt and Sister Barbara Ehrnhardt were set apart by the laying on of hands to the office of church wardens,” according to the history of the congregation.
    The organizational activities concluded with the celebration of communion, which was administered to only a handful of the charter members of the congregation.  This event is noted in the Emmaus Moravian Church’s record book.  Knaus is the first name on the list of eight male communicants, followed by Ehrnhardt, and Catharina Knausin was the first of the seven females, followed by Barbara Ehrnhardt. (8)
    A little more than a decade later, the members of the Moravian congregation decided to establish their own village.  On May 5, 1758, they decided to create “a congregation village (Gemein-Ort) closed to all but the members of the Salzburg Church was formed,” according to the history of the congregation.
    Key movers in this initiative were the Knauss and Ehrenhardt families, who together donated more than 100 acres for the village.  The 1915 “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family” says tat Ehrnhardt donated 55 acres and Sebastian donated 45 acres “for the erection of a Moravian hamlet, including the church and school grounds adjacent.” (9)
    As part of this effort, the congregation established a set of regulations for inhabitants of the new village.  These regulations encouraged Christian ideals and banned criminal and uncouth behavior.  For example: “All fraud and overreaching of one’s neighbor; likewise any premeditated mischief done to the wood, fences, fields, fruit trees, etc., belonging to the owner of the soil or any other, shall be deemed infamous; as generally all other gross heathenish sins, to wit: gluttony and drunkenness, cursing and swearing, lieing and cheating, pilfering and stealing, quarreling and fighting, shall not be heard of in Emmaus; he that is guilty of such cannot be suffered to continue here.”  They also frowned on pastimes that would seem relatively benign in most other communities.  For example: “No dancing matches, tippling in taverns (except for the necessary entertainment of strangers and travelers), beer tappings, feastings at weddings, christenings, or burials, common sports and pastimes, gaming with cards, dice, etc. (nor the playing of the children in the streets), shall be so much as heard of among the inhabitants. They whose inclination is that way bent, cannot live in Emmaus.”
    Sebastian Knauss was one of the four subscribers to these regulations.
    Surveyors laid out the village in December 1758 and two houses were built in 1759, according to the history of the congregation.  The village finally received its name in 1761, “when at a lovefeast on April 3rd, conducted by Bishop Spangenberg, it was announced that the place hitherto called Maguntschi and Salzburg was now to be called by the Scriptural name of Emmaus.”
    Sebastian served as the church’s warden – or steward – from its foundation in 1747 until his death in 1777.  His obituary in Moravian records describes his work in the church in glowing terms.
    “He also had the good fortune and the joy of serving the newly started work of the Lord in this neighborhood as a steward, besides furthering the good cause energetically in every possible way; yes, his cheerfulness and readiness were an inspiration to others.
    “In this state of heart and mind he did his duty as steward and Sacristan with faithfulness and punctuality through all these years, until his Creator’s hand relieved him from further duty.
    “As far as a eulogy is concerned, it is best to leave that to Him who said: ‘Well done, good and faithful servant.’  Our departed brother never desired to seem anything else before God, angels and men, than a sinner, to whom had been given the grace of God through the sacrifice of Jesus.”
    In addition, “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family” adds a few more tidbits: “The following, also found in the church records, will be of interest: ‘He (Sebastian Heinrich Knauss) was of small stature, had auburn hair, was a good conversationalist, and good natured.’  The children of the Institution often went to his home and received honey-bread (Honich-Schnitten).” (10)  The “Institution” was probably the church’s boarding school.
    Over the years, Sebastian acquired several tracts of land.  “Knauss Genealogy” and “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family” note that he purchased at least three tracts from Pennsylvania’s proprietors.  These were: 200 acres in Upper Milford Township in what was then part of Bucks County, purchased on 12 Sept. 1747; two tracts totaling 55 acres in Salisbury Township, in what was then part of Northampton County, purchased on 11 Jan. 1760; and 75 acres also in Salisbury Township, purchased on 10 Oct. 1761.  In addition to these properties acquired from the colonial government, Sebastian purchased 71½ acres in Upper Milford Township from Martin Ginchinger on March 20, 1765. (11)
    In early 1777, Sebastian came down with a cold that was to prove fatal.  His obituary describes his final days:
    ‘“The cause of his, at this time, unexpected demise, was a cold which developed into inflammation of the chest, (pneumonia) and was so malignant that he clearly recognized it as the will of the Lord that this sickness should soon lead to the consummation of his election by grace through the wounds of Jesus.  Thereupon he wisely set his house in order: commended his dear wife unto the everlasting Husband; blessed his children in a truly patriarchal manner — then busied himself only with the one thing needful.
    “The frequent singing of hymns was the joy of his heart.
    “Yes, amid pain and when the mind was wandering, the hearty singing of hymns revealed what filled his heart.
    “Under these circumstances our Brother Knauss finished the course of his life, Feb. 26, 1777, aged 62 years, 5 months, and 3 weeks. ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, for they rest from their labors.’”
    Sebastian wrote his will two days before his death, noting he was “sick and weak in body but of sound memory and understanding.”  He outlined what should be done with his various properties and provided for his wife and younger children.  For example, Sebastian gave his son Jacob the farm where he was living at the time of his death.  However, this farm was to be rented to him for seven years, with the proceeds going to his “beloved wife, Anna Catharine … for the maintenance of her and the children that she be with her.”  At this point, Philip was only 9 years old and Jacob himself was only 20.  Anna Catherine was also to have use of “two rooms and the kitchen … in the stone house wherein I do live now that she may live in it.”
    Anna Catharine died June 26, 1799.  She and Sebastian were buried at the Moravian Cemetery in Emmaus. (12)

 (1) Sebastian’s baptism and parents are listed in the Düdelsheim records in “Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898,” at FamilySearch.org.  Sebastian’s obituary in Moravian church records states: “Our departed brother Sebastian H. Knauss was born Oct. 6, 1714, in the village Titelsheim, Wetteravia.”  The date seems plausible, even though children were usually baptized more quickly than that.  The variant spelling of the town’s name isn’t a concern because of the dramatically different pronunciations used in Germany even to this day.  The obituary is transcribed in “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family in America,” by James O. Knauss and Tilghman J. Knauss, Emaus, Pa., 1915, page 18.  (2) The marriage is mentioned in Sebastian’s obituary.  Anna Catharine’s parents are listed in her burial record in “The Old Moravian Cemetery at Emmaus, Pennsylvania,” compiled from the Emmaus Moravian Church Books and Genealogical Records of Henry Koch Jarrett, Emmaus, Pennsylvania, 1939.  It’s available in “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013,” Ancestry.com.  Her birth date and place and her parents are also recorded in the Emmaus Moravian Church records, written in German, which are available through the same Ancestry.com database.  (3) The births and the names of the daughter’s husbands are listed in Anna Catharine’s Moravian obituary and in the Emmaus Moravian Church Records, both of which are available in “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013,” Ancestry.com.  The children are also listed in “Knauss Genealogy” and “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family,” both of which generally provide dates about a month before those in Anna Catharine’s obituary and the church records.  It should be noted that Magdalena’s parents are incorrectly named in the transcription the records of the Old Moravian Cemetery in Emmaus, which are available at “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records,” on Ancestry.com.  This record says that Magdalena’s parents were Michael and Anna Elizabeth Knauss.  Michael Knauss was another son of Ludwig’s and his daughter named Maria Magdalene was born in 1775.  (4) Much of the information in this biographical sketch comes from Sebastian’s obituary in the Moravian church records.   (5) “On the Frontier with Colonel Antes,” by Edwin MacMinn, Camden, N.J., 1900, pages 22-24.  (6) The Transues arrival is listed in “A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousands Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776,” by I. Daniel Rupp, Philadelphia, 1876, page 62.  Interestingly, another set of passengers of the Thistle of Glasgow was the family of Jeremiah Hess, who was another ancestor of our family.  (7) “The Emaus Moravian Congregation,” by the Rev. Allen E. Abel, in “Proceedings and Papers Read Before the Lehigh County Historical Society,” Vol. II, Allentown, Pa., 1910, page 47-53.  (8) Records of the Emmaus Moravian Church which are available at “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013,” at Ancestry.com.  (9) A footnote on page 17 of “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family” says: “The grant by Sebastian Henry Knauss, wheelwright, and Anna Catherine, his wife, of a tract of land containing 45 acres and 25 perches to the representatives and authorities of the Moravian Church is recorded in the Recorder’s Office at Easton, Pa., in Book D. Vol. 3, p. 179. Date, May 1, 1759. Also the grant of Jacob Ehrenhart, blacksmith, and Barbara, his wife, a tract of land containing 55 acres, (estimated). Date of deed, May 4, 1 759, recorded at Easton, in Book D, Vol. 3, p. 180, etc.”  (10) “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family,” page 18.  (11) The transactions are mentioned in “Knauss Genealogy,” page 18, and “History and Genealogy of The Knauss Family,” pages 36-27.  (12) Anna Catharine’s obituary.